Category Archives: Lamp

Mac OSX (10.8) Mountain Lion: Fixing Apache, PHP, Subversion, User Sites, Virtual Hosts Directories

While Mountain Lion (OSX 10.8) has brought many enhancements and fixes (mostly performance), it has also caused frustration to old users.

You might have noticed following issues in Mountain Lion:

  1. Web Sharing Preferences Panel has been removed, i.e. you need to launch apache manually or write some launch-agent script or hack to bring web-sharing preferences panel back
  2. User Sites (per-user web directories) is disabled, i.e. http://localhost/~username doesn’t work by default, and you need to modify apache config file to enable it
  3. PHP extension for Apache is disabled by default i.e. you need to enable it by modified apache config (httpd.conf)
  4. Subversion is not installed by default, either you can install using homebrew or by install XCode command line tools

You can fix these issues (1-4) by following these two links:

Whenever I upgrade to newer version of OSX, I end up with broken development-setup i.e. custom permissions on directories are messed up, configuration files are overwritten/removed, etc.

I think, I have found a way to keep default directory permissions, so future upgrades don’t break things.

My development setup requires my virtual hosts to use directories within my home-directory (and outside of ~/Sites or /Library/WebServer/Documents directories).

I am using following technique to setup my virtual-hosts:

  • Enable User Sites  (i.e. fix #2 problem above)
  • Create symbolic-links(symlinks) of your project folder(s) inside ~/Sites directory
  • Enable FollowSymLinks and SymLinksIfOwnerMatch options in virtual-host configuration.

In my case, I have a project inside ~/projects/myproject . I create a symlink of this directory inside ~/Sites, like this using Terminal (command-prompt)

$ ln -s ~/projects/myproject ~/Sites/myproject

I have following virtual-host configuration for this project:

<VirtualHost *:80>
 DocumentRoot "/Users/myusername/Sites/myproject/trunk/web"
 ServerName  myproject
 ServerAdmin myusername@localhost
 Options Indexes MultiViews Includes +FollowSymlinks +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
 CustomLog "/private/var/log/apache2/myproject_access.log" common
 ErrorLog "/private/var/log/apache2/myproject_error.log"
</VirtualHost>

I use it on my development machine (i.e. my laptop), so I don’t really bother about security at Apache level, and I take care of security at firewall/other levels.

If you are going to use above technique/configuration, please understand everything (by reading documentation) before you use it.

This set up works for me and solves some problems for me – I don’t have to change default directory permissions, and I don’t have to keep my projects within ~/Sites or /Library/WebServer/Documents directory.

RIP, Kenneth Gonsalves “KG” (1953 — 2012)

Kenneth Gonsalves(Image Courtesy: Linux Bangalore (foss.in))

Kenneth Gonsalves, a champion in Indian (NRC)FOSS, Python and Django community passed away on August 3, 2012. Kenneth’s presence would be hugely missed in the community.

In 2008, Tarun Dua introduced me to Kenneth. I interacted with him at various occasions about NRCFOSS and general stuff. I was very inspired to see his contributions, specially some of his open-source projects.

While checking out NRCFOSS website today, I came to know about this sad news.

May his soul rest in peace.

Development Setup – Updated

I posted about our proposed development setup, during these years a few things have changed a bit. More or less, this is what we have:

  • GNU/Linux (Ubuntu) and Windows(some) boxes for developers
  • Eclipse (PDT) IDE with loads some plugins
  • Version Control: Subversion, GIT, GIT-SVN
  • Browsers
    • Firefox
    • Chrome
    • Opera
    • Safari
    • OperaMini (Simulator)
    • FirefoxMobile (Simulator)
  • Plugins for browsers:
    • Firebug (with loads of plugins – YSlow, etc.)
    • Web Developers Tools (firefox)
    • Others (developer’s preference)
  • Developers also use WINE to run some windows software on GNU/Linux

Testing:

  • Windows Box with different browsers (versions, vendors)
  • Windows Box with different Mobile Emulators/Simulators
  • Selenium Plugin for Firefox

Development Servers/Applications:

  • Apache HTTPD
  • Mysql Server
  • Trac
  • MediaWiki
  • PHPMyAdmin
  • ReviewBoard (limited usage)
  • Hudson (limited usage)

Beautiful Plogger

Plogger is an open-source photo gallery system built using PHP. It successfully maintains the simplicity while providing so many features, it’s just beautiful piece of work.

Withing five minutes, I got Plogger running on my machine. In another hour, I created a new theme with different visualization (CoverFlow) to display thumbnails.

Having worked many different photo gallery management software/scripts, I find, Plogger is the most beautiful. I might be ignorant about other better systems, please share if you know.

I bet, web designers would find it very handy because they can easily customize and deliver solutions without dealing with complex programming required behind file upload/management.